Social Network Impact on Youth


Online social media have gained astounding worldwide growth and popularity which has led to attracting attention from variety of researchers globally. Although with time all generations have come to embrace the changes social network has brought about, teenagers and young adults are the most fanatic users of these sites. According to various research studies in the field of online social networks, it has been revealed that these sites are impacting the lives of the youth greatly. When using these sites such as Twitter, Facebook or MySpace, there are both positive and negative effects on the youth.

Positive impacts

It is inevitable to ignore the fact that nowadays social network plays an essential role in teenagers’ lives. Most youths are spending at least an hour in these popular social media sites. Generally, 1 out of 7 minutes which are spent online by most of those who can access internet is spent on Facebook and WhatsApp. One may ask how spending all that time on the social media sites may have a positive impact on them. Well, social media helps the youth and any other user updated with what is happening around the world, help the teenagers stay connected and interact with each other even if they are many miles apart. This strengthens their relationship even if they finished school and moved to different locations they stay connected and update one another.

In addition, social media sites have provided a platform whereby the youth can create groups and pages based on their common discipline and end up building connections and opportunities for their respective careers by updating various topics to discuss. Youth who have been interviewed they say that social media has become their lifestyle and it makes their lives easier and efficient.

Negative impacts

While on one hand social network sites seems to bring people together and connected on the other hand it creates social isolation in regard to BBC News report. As the youth tend to spend many hours on these sites, they rarely have face-to-face interaction. According various studies, scientists’ evaluation determined that social isolation can lead to a lost of emotional, psychological, physical and mental problems which include anxiety, depression and somatic complaints among many others.

Other negative effects of social networking various people suggested included encouraging poor spelling and grammar, exposing underage to online predators, allowing spread of misinformation that is perceived as fact, decreasing productivity as those who are supposed to be working spend time in the sites to chat, provide a perfect platform for cyber bullying and providing details that increase risks of identity theft.


Social networking clearly portrays both positive and negative effects on the youth. It is decision of an individual to make whether to continue using the sites or not. The users mostly face problems such as unwanted messages, unwanted friends request and controversial political links and unethical pictures and links, irrelevant religious and anti-religious messages and useless information. The negative images, messages, video links, voice messages are creating negative influence in the society and social groups at the minor level to penetrate to destabilize the inter-state harmony in the international relations.

Dr Theoneste SIKUBWABO

10 Surprising Health Benefits of Eating 3 Bananas a Day

Bananas are incredibly versatile fruits that can be used to make refreshing smoothies, add delicious flavor to a baked meal, or simply eaten on-the-go. That might explain why they are one of the world most popular fruits: Over 96 percent of households in the U.S purchase bananas at least once a month, according to this report.

So we love eating bananas. But is this obsession good for us?

The research says yes. Bananas have a lot more going for them than simply an affordable price and sweet flavor. Studies indicate that the magic number is three by eating three bananas per day, you provide your body with about 1500mg of potassium, and loads of health benefits.

So what exactly are the benefits?

Here are 10 amazing health benefits of eating bananas every day:

  1. Bananas lower high blood pressure.

Studies show eating as little as three bananas a day may lower your blood pressure significantly. A medium-sized banana has about 422 mg of potassium and is nearly sodium-free. The high potassium-to-sodium ratio helps to neutralize the blood pressure-rising effect of sodium in the diet.

So it would seem that your Mums admonition to reach for a banana instead of that bag of crisps is very sound advice.

  1. Bananas improve digestion.

Bananas are loaded with fiber, both soluble and insoluble. Fiber is an important nutrient in the body because it helps regulate the speed of digestion, slowing it down. Eating a banana will make you feel full longer and can also help with the problem of constipation.

No wonder bananas are often included in breakfast meals. They help you start your day energized and keep you satisfied longer.

  1. Bananas improve cardiovascular health.

Eating foods high in fiber is good for the heart, and bananas are full of fiber. A high-fiber diet has been linked with a lower risk of both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD). The soluble fiber present in banana is, in particular, associated with a decreased risk of heart disease.

A healthy, balanced diet will provide the essential vitamins, minerals and antioxidants your body need stop it off with a banana or two for an extra 4 grams of fiber per fruit.

  1. Bananas help create healthy cells.

Bananas are rich in vitamin B6, containing 20 percent of the daily amount required for adult intake. Vitamin B6 helps the body produce insulin, hemoglobin and nonessential amino acids necessary to create healthy cells. It also helps with the production of antibodies that fight infections.

Maybe we should have been saying it different all along: A banana a day, keeps the doctor away.

  1. Bananas improve GI tract heath.

Since bananas are relatively easy to digest, they are considered non-irritating for the human gastrointestinal tract, or GI tract. In fact, bananas not only ease digestive strain, but also sooth the digestive tract and help restore lost minerals after diarrhea. That is why they are among the first solid foods introduced to babies.

This is also one of the reasons bananas make up part of the clinical BRAT diet bananas, rice, apple cause and dry toast that dietitians use to treat acute diarrhea.

  1. Bananas are rich in Vitamin C.

When you think of vitamin C, oranges and strawberries might be the first fruits that come to mind. But a full serving of bananas provides a whopping 15 percent of the daily requirement for this essential nutrient. Vitamin C is an important antioxidant that neutralizes harmful free radicals in the body. Free radicals are uncharged atoms, molecules or ions (the bad guys) that are constantly destroying cells in your body. Vitamin C also aids in keeping blood vessels healthy and produces collagen that holds muscles, bones and other tissues together.

  1. Bananas improve athletic performance.

If you have ever wondered why many athletes love bananas, here is the reason: Bananas boost the muscles and provide antioxidants and other nutrients naturally. According to a study at the Appalachian State University’s Human Performance Lab, consuming half a banana every 15 minutes during a cycling time trial test was as effective as drinking a carbohydrate matched sports drink every 15 minutes. No wonder Yohan Blake, the Jamaican Olympics sprinter, reportedly eats 16 bananas a day!

  1. Bananas fight anemia.

Because bananas are high in iron, consuming them can stimulate production of hemoglobin in the blood and help fight anemia. Anemia is a condition where there is a decrease in the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, leading to fatigue, paleness and shortness of breath.

Moreover, Vitamin B6 present in banana regulates blood glucose levels, which can also help those suffering from anemia.

  1. Bananas suppress hunger pangs.

This happens not merely because eating bananas makes you feel full for longer, but also due to their pleasant smell. That’s right, the scent of bananas can apparently suppress appetite and hunger pangs! According to this study by Dr Alan Hirsch of the Smell and Taste Treatment and Research Foundation in Chicago, smelling bananas when you are hungry can trick your brain into thinking that you’ve actually eaten them.

So, yes, bananas can help you lose weight.

  1. Bananas lift mood and help you feel happy.

A medium-size banana provides about 27 mg magnesium. This mineral can help boost your mood and aid good sleep. Men and women need 420 mg and 320 mg of magnesium per day, respectively. If you’re low on magnesium, you’re likely to suffer from anxiety, irritability, depression and other disorders.

Since many of us don’t get enough magnesium in our diets, consider eating a banana next time you’re having a case of the 3 p.m. munchies. It will fill you up and leave you feeling positive.
Bonus non-health benefits

You should also know dried ground banana peels make fantastic mulch for seedlings and new plants in the garden. Bananas are also a perfectly safe and healthy treat for your beloved dog!

A final tick for the pro column: If you are dying for some pearly white teeth, rubbing banana peel on your teeth for about two minutes after you brush can contribute to a perfect smile.

But don’t take it from me. Try a few bananas today!

     Dr Theoneste SIKUBWABO (VMD)


Marriage means that each spouse is committed to make a greater effort to care for each other than they were making before marriage — a greater effort to meet each other’s intimate needs and make decisions that benefit each other. But unfortunately, couples who live together don’t seem to care for each other after marriage as much as they did before marriage. They assume that they can get away with more. Instead of being motivated to do a better job, they tend to relax with the assumption that their spouse will put up with them, regardless of what they do. They believe that they don’t need to do much to keep their spouse around after he or she makes that commitment.
So the commitment of marriage usually has an effect opposite of that which couples who live together hope it will have. Instead of encouraging each spouse to make a greater effort to care, it actually takes away the incentive to care. After all, when you live together, your success in caring for each other is the only thing keeping you together. If that care is taken away, you’re history. But as Becky discovered, when care disappears after marriage, her commitment was expected to keep them together.
Premarital sex has come under fire because of the rise of promiscuity of young adults, common law living arrangements, gay relationships, and marital affairs. The truth is that premarital sex has happened and will always happen, but is it “immoral”?
I do not believe that premarital sex is immoral and I believe that people should engage in a sexual relationship before marriage. Like it or not, sexual attraction is a key factor in how the couple first came together. You do not date anyone who you believe is grotesque or repulsive. You date someone who makes you tingle in all the right areas.
Premarital sex within a loving, monogamous relationship is healthy. If the couple is truly in love with one another and considering marriage, why should they not have sex? My ex-girlfriend’s father once told me: “Son, you have to test drive the car before you buy it” when we announced our “promise” in high school. He was not telling her or I to be promiscuous. He was telling us that we needed to make sure that we can please each other sexually as well as compassionately and romantically. It is like buying a new car. You do not just rush out and jump into a new car without thinking about the financial repercussions. You have to first figure out if the relationship is something you need, not just want. You have to figure out how you are going to maintain the relationship, both financially and psychologically. Then, after you have decided to make a “purchase,” you have to choose which one is right for you. This may mean “test driving” a few candidates before finally settling on one. You cannot just fall in love with a Mini Cooper and later complain that it is too small. You have to analyze every aspect of the relationship and make a final decision. Usually, people are satisfied by the first “test drive” because they have “researched” and pondered which “car” is right for them.

Today, marriage has become arbitrary, mainly a legal agreement between two people. Now, with domestic partnerships and common law marriage, traditional legal marriage is becoming more ceremonial rather than necessary. When a couple finally decides that they want to be together forever, then they should get married, combining their estates and their souls in a holy union. There are far too many divorces in this world to jump into a life-altering decision without considering all options.

There are always consequences to sin. Some of those effects can be devastating. An unwanted pregnancy, a decision to have an abortion or place a child for adoption, broken relationships with family and friends , these are just a few of the possible outcomes we face when we choose to have sex outside of marriage. We should be sure to consider the snow ball effect of sin. And what if the relationship does not last? Hebrews 12:1 shows that sin hinders our lives and easily entangles us. We will be much better off if we avoid these negative consequences,
. Accidental pregnancy – can happen when you’re married as well.
. Future heartbreak – your heart isn’t between your legs, so don’t put it there.

. The spread of stds – again, can happen when you’re married as well unless you’re both virgins going in.
. God doesnt approve – no, God doesn’t exist, at least not in the way the Christian religion would have you believe.
.Virginity Pledges: Virginity pledges are effective in encouraging teens to delay sexual initiation, but a pledge by itself is not sufficient. Young people also need to participate in an abstinence program and to have family and friends who support and encourage them to remain chaste.
.Emotional Consequences of Premarital Sex: Along with being at risk for STDs, young people who engage in unwed sex are likely to experience negative emotional consequences. A 2005 study of youth in grades 7-11 found that engaging in premarital sex often leads to depression. Compared to girls who abstain, girls who engage in premarital sex are two to three times more likely to be depressed one year later.[29] Teens who engage in premarital sex are also likely to experience regret, guilt, lowered self-respect, fear of commitment and fears about pregnancy and STDs. Many divorces will occur,
. Increased Risk of Promiscuity and Divorce: Early premarital sex is also likely to lead to promiscuity and future marital breakup. A 2002 study of over 1,000 sexually experienced high school students found that among those who had sex before age 15, females were more than five times as likely, and males were 11 times more likely to have multiple sexual partners than were those who delayed having sex.[32] Another recent study found that women who have premarital sex, cohabit or bear children out of wedlock are at higher risk for divorce than women who do not.
My dear friends, waiting is a Test of True Love, Love is patient. That’s about as simple as it gets. We can learn the sincerity of our partner’s love by their willingness, or lack thereof, to wait. For the side of Christian means that those who believe in God, love is patient again, love is kind. IT does not envy , it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self-seeking

Abstinence-until-marriage programs have proven to be very effective in reducing sexual activity among young people. Their success in changing young people’s views and behavior is due to the fact that they teach young people that saving sex for marriage is the best choice, one that will benefit them now and in the future. In addition, these programs give students the knowledge and skills they need to abstain until marriage.
Unfortunately, many abstinence organizations lack the financial resources to expand their programs. These organizations are small non-profits with shoe-string budgets, relying on donations, the sale of their materials, and government funding for survival. Due to their limited resources, they are often unable to meet the demand for their programs. I would like to focus on RWANDA my beloved country that education on sex should be supported by by both government and parents so that Rwandan youth should have enough information on that issue otherwise all youth will be infected by HIV/AIDS and many divorces will occur which is considered as destruction of Rwandan family, also we know that the are taken as future leaders: leaders of tomorrow that why government may set budget programs that encourage youth to abstain until marriage.that is why the answer of the question we were asked before is

Theoneste SIKUBWABO, Writer from University of Rwanda


Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwanda genocide left approximately or more than one million(1.000000) Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead.Who Are the Hutu and Tutsi?The Hutu and Tutsi are two peoples who share a common past. When Rwanda was first settled, the people who lived there raised cattle. Soon, the people who owned the most cattle were called “Tutsi” and everyone else was called “Hutu.” At this time, a person could easily change categories through marriage or cattle acquisition.It wasn’t until Europeans came to colonize the area that the terms “Tutsi” and “Hutu” took on a racial role. The Germans were the first to colonize Rwanda in 1894. They looked at the Rwandan people and thought the Tutsi had more European characteristics, such as lighter skin and a taller build. Thus they put Tutsis in roles of responsibility. When the Germans lost their colonies following a World War I, the Belgians took control over Rwanda. In 1933, the Belgians solidified the categories of “Tutsi” and “Hutu” by mandating that every person was to have an identity card that labeled them Tutsi, Hutu, or Twa. (Twa are a very small group of hunter-gatherers who also live in Rwanda.)Although the Tutsi constituted only about ten percent of Rwanda’s population and the Hutu nearly 90 percent, the Belgians gave the Tutsi all the leadership positions. This upset the Hutu. When Rwanda struggled for independence from Belgium, the Belgians switched the status of the two groups. Facing a revolution instigated by the Hutu, the Belgians let the Hutus, who constituted the majority of Rwanda’s population, be in charge of the new government. This upset the Tutsi.In fact Tutsi were started killed during 1959 whereby many of them have gone in bordering countries such as Uganda, DRCongo, Burundi and Tanzania, The animosity between the two groups continued for decades.The Event That Sparked the Genocide At 8:30 p.m. on April 6, 1994, President Juvénal Habyarimana of Rwanda was returning from a summit in Tanzania when a surface-to-air missile shot his plane out of the sky over Rwanda’s capital city of Kigali. All on board were killed in the crash. Since 1973, President Habyarimana, a Hutu, had run a totalitarian regime in Rwanda, which had excluded all Tutsis from participating. That changed on August 3, 1993 when Habyarimana signed the Arusha Accords, which weakened the Hutu hold on Rwanda and allowed Tutsis to participate in the government. This greatly upset Hutu extremists.Although it has never been determined who was truly responsible for the assassination, Hutu extremists profited the most from Habyarimana’s death. Within 24 hours after the crash, Hutu extremists had taken over the government, blamed the Tutsis for the assassination, and begun the slaughter even  though they have started before doing so.100 Days of Slaughter The killings began in Rwanda’s capital city of Kigali. The Interahamwe(“those who strike as one”), an anti-Tutsi youth organization established by Hutu extremists, set up road blocks. They checked identification cards and killed all who were Tutsi. Most of the killing was done with machetes, clubs, or knives. Over the next few days and weeks, road blocks were set up around Rwanda.On April 7, Hutu extremists began purging the government of their political opponents, which meant both Tutsis and Hutu moderates were killed. This included the prime minister. When ten Belgian U.N. peacekeepers tried to protect the prime minister, they too were killed. This caused Belgium to start withdrawing its troops from Rwanda.Over the next several days and weeks, the violence spread. Since the government had the names and addresses of nearly all Tutsis living in Rwanda (remember, each Rwandan had an identity card that labeled them Tutsi, Hutu, or Twa) the killers could go door to door, slaughtering the Tutsis.Men, women, and children were murdered. Since bullets were expensive, most Tutsis were killed by hand weapons, often machetes or clubs. Many were often tortured before being killed. Some of the victims were given the option of paying for a bullet so that they’d have a quicker death.Also during the violence, thousands of Tutsi women were raped. Some were raped and then killed, others were kept as sex slaves for weeks. Some Tutsi women and girls were also tortured before being killed, such as having their breasts cut off or had sharp objects shoved up their vagina.Slaughter Inside Churches, Hospitals, and Schools Thousands of Tutsis tried to escape the slaughter by hiding in churches, hospitals, schools, and government offices. These places, which historically have been places of refuge, were turned into places of mass murder during the Rwanda Genocide. One of the worst massacres of the Rwanda genocide took place on April 15-16, 1994 at the Nyarubuye Roman Catholic Church, located about 60 miles east of Kigali. Here, the mayor of the town, a Hutu, encouraged Tutsis to seek sanctuary inside the church by assuring them they would be safe there. Then the mayor betrayed them to the Hutu extremists. The killing began with grenades and guns, but soon changed to machetes and clubs. Killing by hand was tiresome, so the killers took shifts. It took two days to kill the thousands of Tutsi who were inside.You can ask yourself why Rwandan genocide has been happened while there were international organizations such as UN, FRENCH SOLDIERS known as Peacekeepers without stopping it while they were able to do. Everyone can suggest his own answer: may be JUVENAL HABYARIMANA government has paid a corruption to those organizations or they were supporting that evil act.We all Rwandans know the negative impacts of genocide including death of people where over one million Rwandans were killed, destruction of infrustructions, bad image of Rwandans to international community, many orphans, many widows and widowers, poverty, trauma and mental problems, very many children and women are still suffering the consequences of those hollible act., let us work together to fight against anyone who tries to separate Rwandans and work toward development of our nation. As the social media have participated in sensitizing people to do genocide, let them also participate in restoring peace and unit. This is my research that I have conducted as Rwandan and where I get confused I used to ask old people and others.
Theoneste SIKUBWABO, Writer from University of Rwanda


God created human persons and gives all the power of leading all things including living and nonliving things here on this world, but he does not give us the order or right of killing each other, if you see in someone’s eye, you find your image in that eye as we commonly see our image in mirror, It insignificant to say that this one is black, this one is white, we all creatures of God and in addition we breathe the same air, we share the same environment, we all bleed, we all die, we all born by mothers (resulted from union of ova and spermatozoa), we all made of the same matter( bones, blood, blood vessels, brain,… ).
Dear friends, if it is like that, why people used to kill others? why people used to hate others? Why people used to mistreat others?
I wonder why genocides (Rwandan, Jewish…) had happened? While have many negative impacts to people and wealth of a nation, delay development, loss of many persons, destruction of infrastructures and others; Rwandans we experienced this than other people of the world that’s why we always write the truth, what people should do instead of divisionism, distinction. Dear brothers and sisters before killing anyone do you think that you will live forever? Please we are the same, there is no interest to distinguish people in saying this one has this color, he behaves like this…., he is tall or short, he has long or short nose, he is white or black. no pleasure, no joy, no income someone can find in that misbehavior, it is more important to everybody to know that we all people are God creatures and let us work together in peace building all over the world and this will help us to make a remarkable progress in all things we do. It disgraceful to kill someone you have shared something, it is disgraceful to kill the hand that fed you, it is shameful to kill the one you have shared a childhood, finally it is disgraceful to kill the one you don’t give life.
Brothers and sisters, we are all human with same origin (mother: from combination of ovum and spermatozoa) and in addition to God’s creatures! Where does come that hatred, killings, distinction,…please let us work together to promote peace, unity, reconciliation where that shameful or evil acts have happened and prevent them to occur where did not happened, let us all be peace builder.
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Theoneste SIKUBWABO, Writer from University of Rwanda


It is difficult to find happiness as we want but there are any five secrets that can lead you to contentment, contentment is defined as something that makes somebody contented; a circumstance, or a feature or characteristics of something, that gives rise to satisfaction( formal or literary)
Here bellow are 5 secrets that can help you to be content in your daily life:
The people of today they don’t love each other as the Bible show us what love is and how can we love, to clarify this I can say the research that I have conducted in youth that for instance if you are a boy and meet a girl, she first ask you where you work and the name and others come just by after, many people don’t that behavior, brothers and sisters first love people the remaining things will come after and if you have something to help, help the people who are suffered from poverty, famine, incurable diseases, orphans,… that’s all love.
We are equal before God and even before laws but dear friends we are not equal in terms of money and possessions, there are those who are very rich, moderate rich, poor, very poor and our living conditions are different so it is good to accept who you are and what you are these will help you to be content and enjoy your life, avoid comparing yourself with others.
It is very difficult to choose friends in our normal daily life, many of us have different criteria they follow, but it is wonderful to do that wisely and with a lot of attentions because if you choose a bad friend means that the one who misbehave, then he/she will mislead you, if you choose a good friend, then he/she will encourage you to do right things and help you to be content and enjoy your life.

It very kind to appreciate someone who does something good to you because this will show him/her who you are and it is an indication of respect, kindness, consideration,…it is very difficult to say thanks to someone, even a small thing please say thanks, this will motivate him/her to do so.
People have many needs which help them in their living conditions of everyday, the Christians I among believes that human person is composed of body(physical), soul (nonphysical aspect of person), spirit ( life force of person).
To satisfy your spiritual needs means to read the Holy Scriptures and do what they ask you to do, my research was shown me that most GOD followers are content with hope, believes, love, kindness and joy and I can say that the life without JESUS is meaningless because he is the one supplies love, contentment… dear readers believe and accept him as your king and he will help you to be content in your daily life.
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Contact me at:
Published by THEONESTE SIKUBWABO, Writer


Many people on this world are wondered what will be the end of this world because there are many challenges in youth all over the world, many of them are engaged in drugs here I mean alcoholism heavy drinks,… , jobless, poverty, orphans, prostitution, sexual intercourse are major causes of unwanted pregnancies in adolescents and in addition there is overspreading of HIV/AIDS and other sexual transmissible diseases in youth, parents, teachers and churches have a great role of sensitizing youth to go away these misbehavior mentioned because we know that the youths are common said that are the leaders of tomorrow(leaders of the future) and also the power of any nation.
Readers, if you are mother or father, parents of children, make sure that you encourage your children to be disciplined, to be away of drugs and other heavy drinks, teach him/her to live with others peacefully and respect GOD in all he/ she does, encourage him/her to be hardworking and persistent and remember that you should be an example in your children; if you are a drinker parent then your children will imitate you, if you are a kind man or women then your children will follow you, if you are a Christian then your children will do so as you, if you are a reader lover yes they will do that. Please let us inherit our children good deeds and tell them what to and not do then they will enjoy life and a play an important role themselves and in Rwandan communities
There are many negative impacts to a girl who get this unwanted pregnancy where by his/her parent will be ashamed in society, loss of confidence for future life, discontinuation of studies if she is student, always be shameful in society, tarnishes the image of her parents, loss of respect and value in her generation,…Girls be serious and respect yourself in whatever you do and say yes if it’s yes and say no if it’s no because many negative impacts are for you, Boys be calm and respect yourself and make sure that you are looking for preparing your future
Theoneste SIKUBWABO, Writer from University of Rwanda